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Questões Ime

REF. Pergunta/Resposta
origem:Ime1996
tópico:
interpretacao-texto

sub-grupo:

pergunta:Traduza o texto a seguir

SMART CLASS

American carmakers love to take military research and technology and spin it off to help sell cars. The ubiquitous air bag, for example, was inflated partly through a joint venture between automakers and defense-industry ballistic and pyrotechnic scientists. Now consider the microwave impulse radar (MIR), which promises to make that innovation look primitive.
Developed by engineer Tom McEwan at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California to measure nuclear- fusion reactions, MIR is a $10 radar-on-chip that sends and receives signals through inch-long antennas. Detroit is licensing these chips from Livermore and scrambling to engineer them into cars faster than you can say "options package". In prototype cars, a transmitter embedded in the taillight, trunk lid or rear bumper emits 1 million ultra-short MIR pulses per second; if the beam encounters a wall, curb or vehicle as driver tries to park, an alarm sounds. Or, the signals sweep across a car s blind spots: if the driver signals for a lane change and the radar beam detects and oncoming car, the system triggers a warning light on the dashboard and even taps the brakes. MIR will add about $200 to the base price of a car and should be available in some 1997 luxury models of U.S. cars for these uses and more. There are so many applications say McEwan, that "it s like uncorking a genie."
(NEWSWEEK, AUGUST, 1995)



resposta:
Vocabulário:
ubiquitous - sempre presente (famigerado)
uncorking - soltar

origem:Ime1996
tópico:
interpretacao-texto

sub-grupo:

pergunta:Traduza o texto a seguir

STONE SOUP

There is a folk tale about three tired and hungry soldiers on their way home (Brown, 1947). As they approached a village, the peasants who feared strangers hid all the food they had so they would not have to share it with the soldiers. Prior experience had told them that soldiers were always hungry and tired. When they arrived in the village, the soldier asked everyone they met for something to eat. The answer was always that no food was available either because of a poor harvest, or too many hungry children, or the need to save the grain for seed. The soldiers then decided to try another approach. They stood in the center of the village and loudly announced that since everyone in the village was hungry, they would just have to make some stone soup so that everyone could be fed. With the villagers help they started a fire, put water on the boil in a very large pot, and added three nice stones. Being curious, and a bit hungry themselves by this point, the villagers gathered around to watch. After the water simmered for a while, one of the soldiers commented that it was too bad there wasn t any salt and pepper, because store soup was so much better with a little seasoning. Of course, someone produced a little salt and pepper. Then they discussed how it would feed so many more people if there were only a few carrots to add to the soup. Soon, one of the villagers produced a few carrots. The soldiers commented on how fine the soup would be with a few potatoes, and another villager suddenly found several potatoes. This process continued until a soup filled with vegetables and barley was cooked, then everyone in the village shared bowls of stone soup, and much of the other food they had stashed away.



resposta:
Vocabulário:
to simmer - ferver lentamente
stashed - escondido

origem:Ime1996
tópico:
interpretacao-texto

sub-grupo:

pergunta:In the opinion of the author of this passage, in 1825

a) only Harvard, Yale, Columbia and Pennsylvania could truly be called universities. b) all American educational institutions could justifiably claim to be universities. c) those institutions which called themselves universities were not justified in doing so. d) those institutions which called themselves universities were justified in doing so. e) no American institution of higher education had any of necessary ingredients of a university.



resposta:
[A]

origem:Ime1996
tópico:
interpretacao-texto

sub-grupo:

pergunta:Thomas Jefferson founded

a) the University of Pennsylvania. b) Harvard. c) the University of Virginia. d) the University of Georgia. e) the University of North Carolina.



resposta:
[C]

origem:Ime1996
tópico:
interpretacao-texto

sub-grupo:

pergunta:The Civil War ended

a) about 1866. b) about 1876. c) about 1856. d) during the decade from 1966 to 1876. e) exactly in 1876.



resposta:
[A]

origem:Ime1996
tópico:
vocabulario

sub-grupo:

pergunta:The words "little clusters" most nearly mean

a) small colleges. b) small buildings. c) small organizations. d) small courses. e) small groups.



resposta:
[B]

origem:Ime1996
tópico:
interpretacao-texto

sub-grupo:

pergunta:The University idea really began to develop

a) in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. b) just after the Revolution. c) during the last quarter of the nineteenth century. d) just after the Civil War. e) just before the Civil War.



resposta:
[B]